Plants And Amenities

Alberta has over 30 000 oil services and near 21 000 gas amenities, as proven in Figure 9.7 [Tableau] and Figure 9.Eight [Tableau].
– In 2016, Alberta had seven operating oil sands mines, 5 bitumen upgraders, four refineries, two coal processing plants, and 6 coal mines.

Upgraders

6 m diameter pressure vessel 500 cubic metersDesk 9.12 [HTML] exhibits Alberta average upgraded bitumen manufacturing in 2016.
– Manufacturing from Nexen’s Lengthy Lake facility averaged zero.2 thousand cubic metres per day (103 m3/d) in 2016 because it was indefinitely shut in following an incident in January.

Oil Refineries

– Desk 9.13 [HTML] reveals Alberta’s refinery capability in 2016.
– Oil refineries use crude oil, along with upgraded and nonupgraded bitumen and pentanes plus, to provide a wide number of refined petroleum merchandise corresponding to gasoline and diesel.
– In 2016, the four refineries in Alberta, with an estimated total throughput of 68.6 103 m3/d─0.43 million barrels per day (106 bbl/d)─of oil, processed forty seven.0 103 m3/d (0.3 106 bbl/d) of upgraded bitumen, three.5 103 m3/d (0.02 106 bbl/d) of nonupgraded bitumen, 17.2 103 m3/d (0.11 106 bbl/d) of standard crude oil, and zero.9 103 m3/d (zero.01 106 bbl/d) of pentanes plus.
– The primary section of the North West Redwater Partnership Sturgeon refinery is scheduled to come on-line in 2017. The refinery is designed to process bitumen and will produce approximately 6.4 103 m3/d of ultra-low sulphur diesel, four.5 103 m3/d of diluent and naphtha, 1.4 103 m3/d of low-sulphur vacuum gasoline oil, and 0.5 103 m3/d of butanes and propane.
– In 2016, Alberta’s refinery utilization was 94.0 per cent, down from 98.6 per cent in 2015 as a result of facility upkeep.

Natural Fuel Processing Plants

– In Alberta, there are practically 500 energetic fuel processing plants that recuperate natural fuel liquid (NGL) combine or specification product, eleven fractionation plants that fractionate NGL-combine streams into specification products, and eight straddle plants. Determine 9.9 [Tableau] illustrates Alberta’s NGL stream.
– With NGL manufacturing rising over the previous couple of years, companies have being increasing NGL infrastructure capacity in Alberta, together with growing new initiatives servicing the Montney and Duvernay producing regions.
– Keyera accomplished the enlargement of its Fort Saskatchewan fractionation plant, rising its propane-plus fractionation capability from 4.8 103 m3/d (30 103 bbl/d) to 10.Three 103 m3/d (65 103 bbl/d) in 2016.
– Pembina finished increasing its ethane-plus fractionation plant at Redwater in 2016, doubling the company’s ethane-plus fractionation capacity of eleven.6 103 m3/d (73 103 bbl/d).
– Inter Pipeline’s off-gasoline liquids extraction facility at CNRL’s Horizon upgrader got here on stream in 2016, contributing an extra 2.Four 103 m3/d (15 103 bbl/d) of capability. Mixed with the off-gasoline liquids extraction facility on the Suncor upgrader, the 2 extraction plants have the capability to get better 6.3 103 m3/d (forty 103 bbl/d) of NGLs and olefins.
– Nova Chemicals accomplished its polyethylene 1 growth (R3) challenge on the company’s Joffre site in 2016. The undertaking, which uses ethane as a feedstock, will produce between zero.431 and 0.499 megatonnes per yr of linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE). This might be the first LLDPE startup in more than a decade in Canada or the United States.
– Permitted processing facility projects are anticipated to increase recovery of liquids by 30 103 m3/d (189 103 bbl/d) in 2017, from a total recovery of 103 103 m3/d (648 103 bbl/d) in 2016. This enhance includes the addition of ethanes-plus and propanes-plus fractionation plants, expansions to NGL-combine processing services, a brand new propane dehydrogenation facility, debottlenecking at current facilities, and new pipeline connections.
Desk 9.14 [HTML] lists Alberta’s fractionation plants and Table 9.15 [HTML] lists Alberta’s straddle plants.

Electricity Infrastructure

– As of December 19, 2016, Alberta’s whole put in generation capacity, as reported by the Alberta Electric System Operator (AESO), was 16 323 megawatts (MW), of which 7248 MW was gas fired, 6299 MW was coal fired, 1445 MW was wind powered, 894 MW was hydro powered, and 437 MW was from other sources (e.g., biomass, biogas, and solar).
– In keeping with the AESO, the share of pure gasoline-fired capability in the province categorised as cogeneration was sixty four per cent in 2016. Cogeneration is the mixed production of electricity and thermal vitality using natural gas as the fuel source. Thermal power is used for manufacturing, heating, producing steam for in situ oil production, refining, and upgrading.
– Alberta’s electricity system has about 2600 km of transmission traces. It’s connected to systems in British Columbia, Saskatchewan, and Montana. These three interties permit Alberta to import or export electricity. Along with the transmission interties, a natural fuel-fired electricity era unit in Fort Nelson (northern British Columbia) provides power to the encircling communities and sells surplus electricity into the Alberta grid.

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