Petroleum Insights: World’s Top 21 Largest Oil Refineries –

GS Caltex Corp.
Yeosu, South Korea

methanol installationfour.
Reliance Petroleum Ltd. [merged with RIL since 2009]
Jamnagar, India

ExxonMobil Refining & Provide Co.
Jurong/Pulau Ayer Chawan, Singapore

Reliance Industries Ltd. [RIL]
Jamnagar, India

S-Oil Corp.
Onsan, South Korea

ExxonMobil Refining & Provide Co.
Baytown,** Texas, USA

Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco)
Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia

Formosa Petrochemical Co.
Mailiao, Taiwan

ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co.
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA

Hovensa LLC
St. Croix, Virgin Islands, USA

Marathon Petroleum Co. LLC
Garyville, Louisiana, USA

Kuwait National Petroleum Co.
Mina Al-Ahmadi, Kuwait

Shell Japanese Petroleum (Pte) Ltd.
Pulau, Bukom, Singapore

Texas City, Texas, USA

Citgo Petroleum Corp.
Lake Charles, Louisiana, USA

Shell Nederland Raffinaderij B.V.
Pernis, Netherlands

Zhenhai, China

Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco)
Rabigh, Saudi Arabia

Saudi Aramco-Mobil
Yanbu, Saudi Arabia

Notes: OGJ knowledge show that Marathon Petroleum Co. LLC moved from No. 17 to No.Thirteen on the listing throughout 2011 – please see the earlier submit “World’s Prime 21 Largest Oil Refineries – OGJ,” Feb 19, 2011. Reliance Industries Restricted (RIL) has 1.24 million barrels per day of crude processing capacity [i.e. No. 4 Jamnagar + No. 6 Jamnagar, above], the most important at any single location on this planet – please see RIL’s web site here – D.R. For 2011, OGJ’s survey shows whole capability of 88,055,552 bc/d in 655 refineries. For 2010, OGJ’s earlier survey shows total capability at greater than 88.2 million b/cd in 662 refineries, a rise of 1 million b/cd over the figure for 2009 of 87.2 million b/cd for 661 refineries. OGJ’s refinery survey for 2008 listed a global capacity of eighty five.6 million b/cd in 655 refineries. – Please read Warren R. True and Leena Koottungal, “International Capacity Development Reverses; Asian, Mideast Refineries Progress,” OGJ, Dec 5, 2011; “World Capability Progress Slows, However Asian Refineries Bustle,” OGJ, Dec 6, 2010. South Korea is dwelling to a few of the ten largest crude oil refineries on the planet – SK Innovation’s Ulsan (No. 2), GS Caltex’s Yeosu (No. Three) and S-Oil’s Onsan (No. 7), in keeping with OGJ information above. Hess Company stated in a press release on Jan 18, 2012, the Hovensa LLC refinery (No. 12 above) in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, a joint venture between Hess and Petroleos de Venezuela S.A., the state-owned oil firm of Venezuela, can be shut down, after the refinery noticed continued losses over several years. Following the shutdown, the complex will operate as an oil storage terminal—please see Hess web site – D.R.

*The Paraguana Refining Heart (Centro de Refinacion Paraguana/CRP) or Complex is the result of the merger in 1997 of three refineries: the Amuay refinery, the Cardon refinery and the Bajo Grande refinery, and at the moment thought of the world’s second largest refinery complex, after the Jamnagar complex (No. Four Jamnagar + No. 6 Jamnagar, above) in India—please see notes above. The Paraguana Refining Middle has the nominal capability to refine 955,000 barrels of crude oil per day. — D.R

**Update 1: Royal Dutch Shell Plc and Saudi Aramco turned co-owners of the biggest U.S. refinery when a brand new crude distillation unit at their joint-venture Motiva Enterprises Port Arthur, Texas, plant obtained oil for the primary time. The 325,000 barrel-per-day (bpd) atmospheric crude distillation unit that started processing combines with existing crude units to offer Motiva’s Port Arthur, Texas, refinery a total crude oil refining capacity of 600,000 bpd, said Shell Chief Financial Officer Simon Henry throughout the company’s first quarter earnings name. With the startup of the new Port Arthur crude unit, Exxon Mobil Corp’s Baytown, Texas, refinery turns into the second-largest refinery in the United States—please see “Motiva Port Arthur refinery turns into U.S. largest – Shell,” Reuters, Apr 26, 2012. Replace 2: However by far the largest refining story in North America in 2012 centered on the huge expansion at Motiva Enterprise LLC’s Port Arthur, Tex., refinery. The 325,000-b/d, $10 billion enlargement, largest at a US refinery in nearly 40 years and designed for feedstock flexibility, was devoted on Could 31, raising capability to 600,000 b/d and making it the biggest US refinery. On June 9, 2012, however, the brand new crude distillation unit sprung leaks traced to massive corrosion; a fire ensued and the enlargement was shut down. Motiva has since traced the problem to defective design. The unit is not going to restart earlier than the end of first-quarter 2013, if then—please see Warren R. True and Leena Koottungal, “Asia, Middle East lead modest restoration in global refining,” OGJ, Dec three, 2012 – D.R.)

Source: Oil & Fuel Journal, Dec 5, 2011

(For the outlook for Europe’s refiners, please see “Europe’s refiners fall on arduous occasions” – – Oil & Gas Also, please see “Prime 10 Largest Refining Corporations in Asia,” Feb 13, 2012. Breaking News: On August 25, 2012, a massive blast at Venezuela’s largest oil refinery, the 645,000 b/d Amuay refinery (part of the Paraguana Refinery Advanced, please see table and notes above), on Paraguana peninsula, has left not less than 39 individuals lifeless and dozens others injured. A fuel leak is being blamed for the blast. Replace: Please see my submit “World’s High 21 Largest Oil Refineries — OGJ,” OGJ, Jan 6, 2013.

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